How to care for hair

Hair is not only one of the attributes of appearance, it is also an indicator of health. To maintain the curls in proper condition, regular care is necessary, which is done both in the salon and at home. In everyday care, there are many nuances, the observance of which will provide hair shine, give vitality and improve their general condition.

Causes of hair “fatigue”

The health of the hair is affected not only by the state of the human body, which can include hormonal changes, for example, during puberty or during pregnancy, but also other factors:

Deteriorates the appearance of hair and significantly slows the growth of hair environmental conditions.
Improper nutrition and strict diets lead to an acute shortage of nutrients, which immediately affects the condition of the hair.
Fungal diseases of the scalp lead to irritation and dandruff.
Aggressive care products, perm, dyeing, daily styling, involving the use of elevated temperatures, dry the hair, damage the hair follicles.
Stress and overwork more than other factors lead to the fact that the hair loses its vitality and shine, begin to fall out.
If obvious problems with the hair are noticed, first of all it is necessary to identify and eliminate the cause, and then do their resuscitation. In difficult situations, when home care does not bring visible results, it is worth visiting a hair specialist, trichologist, who will prescribe the appropriate therapy based on the appearance, condition of the scalp and analyzes.

Basic principles of home care

Hair receives vital energy from hair follicles, and the cortical layer determines their strength. The outer layer, or cuticle, is the scales covering each hair. Dense and even, they make the curls smooth, the damaged cuticle puffs up, giving the impression of confusion. A special role in the condition of the hair is played by sebaceous glands. If the fat is produced in excess, the hair is quickly contaminated, an insufficient amount of it leads to hair drying. Therefore, the basic principles of how to care for hair correctly at home should be as follows:

ensuring blood flow to the hair follicles, which contributes to their better nutrition;
restoration of the cortical layer and cuticle;
normalization of the sebaceous glands.
To achieve the effect in all directions, the hair at each stage must be properly looked after.

Hair Care Rules

For proper hair care, it is advisable to choose products based on natural ingredients. That is why many women prefer self-made masks, rinses, even shampoos. Among the store offers you can also find natural cosmetics, however, it should be noted that the price of such products will be much higher, and it will be stored in open form for no more than six months.

It is better to choose store products, adhering to one cosmetic line, and they should all be suitable for the type of hair, which is not always possible to determine on your own. It often happens that with dry, highly split ends, the scalp remains oily. Or, on the contrary, dry scalp and dandruff with excessive greasy hair. Before choosing care products in this case, it is necessary to restore balance. Consultation with a specialist will help to do this. He will tell you the reason for this condition and choose the right cosmetics.

Washing head

You need to start caring for your hair already with washing. You need to wash your hair as often as necessary, otherwise dirt and sebum clogs the pores, blocking the access of oxygen to the hair follicles. Means with increased greasy scalp or hair, it is advisable to choose those that allow frequent use. Many do not take into account that washing your hair is also necessary correctly:

Before washing, the hair must be combed so that the tangled strands do not get tangled even more.
Hard water negatively affects the hair, so it is advisable to soften the water by adding a few drops of ammonia or a teaspoon of baking soda to about 5 liters of liquid.
The water temperature should not exceed 36 ° C even for oily hair, since hot only enhances the secretion of fat. The final rinse is carried out with cool water.
Do not go to bed with wet hair: so they get messy, and their further combing will damage the cuticle.
Wet hair should not be combed: in this state, they are capable of greatly stretching, which violates their structure.
It is not always possible to choose the right shampoo the first time. Dull, highly electrifying hair immediately after washing indicates that the product is not suitable, it must be replaced.

Lovers of homemade cosmetics will use such long-known means as egg yolks, honey, rye bread. These funds are time-tested and are perfect for modern beauties. You can enrich a regular shampoo by adding a drop of essential oil of jojoba, rosemary, cedar or rose.

Balms and Rinses

After washing, you must use a balm, also selected in accordance with the type of hair. It provides power and smoothness, easy styling, removes electrification. Proper use of hair balm will give the best results:
the balm should match the chosen shampoo;
the product is not applied to the roots, you need to distribute it along the strands from the middle of the hair;
Do not apply to too wet hair, otherwise the balm will drain with water, and there will be no effect.
The final step is to use a rinse aid. This care product, as a rule, is not washed off, providing hair with nutrition. Rinse aid, like any other cosmetics, can be purchased at the store, but it is much more effective to use a decoction of herbs: chamomile, nettle, burdock root, hop cones and others. The recipe for rinsing is simple: brew a certain amount of the desired herb or mixture of herbs with the specified amount of boiling water, insist and strain.
Another proven tool that adds shine to the hair, protects it from oiliness, retains moisture, is lemon juice. To prepare such a rinse 1 tbsp. l freshly squeezed lemon juice to dissolve in a liter of water, moisten hair and scalp well, allow to drain a little and dry with a towel.

Using masks

Hair masks of a certain direction are used twice a week to nourish and moisturize the scalp, smooth hair, eliminate dandruff and other problems twice a week. You can buy the product in the store, but self-prepared masks from improvised materials are considered the most effective. Simple and at the same time effective means will help maintain the beauty of hair:

An excellent result is given by masks, which include such active components as nicotinic acid, tincture of red pepper, alcohol-containing products, onions. These products enhance blood circulation, which promotes the penetration of nutrients to the roots and accelerate hair growth.
Oils are also often used as part of masks. The most popular are olive, castor, burdock oils. In addition, cosmetic oils are used - peach, apricot, walnut oil and others.
For 15-20 minutes before washing your hair, you can apply slightly warmed kefir to them, rub into the skin and wrap your head in a towel. Kefir nourishes the skin, eliminates irritation and dandruff, softens hair.
For a month, castor or burdock oil is rubbed into the scalp, which not only nourish the hair follicles, but also serve as an excellent growth stimulator, awaken the "sleeping" bulbs. The oil is washed off an hour after application.
It is more correct to use the selected mask with a course lasting 2-3 months, there will be no effect from one application, as well as from a frequent change in composition.

Vitamins for hair

An important role in the condition of the hair is played by vitamins. So, the "vitamins of youth" A and E nourish the hair and scalp, smooth the cuticle, give strength and shine. Vitamins of group B contribute to growth and strengthening, prevent loss. Vitamin C is the strongest antioxidant that protects hair from aging, and the scalp from diseases, including fungal ones.

The amount of vitamins supplied with food is not always enough, so you can also take vitamin complexes. However, it should be remembered that all drugs are best used after consulting a specialist.

An excellent solution would be vitamin masks using ampoule solutions of these vitamins. They are used both as stand-alone tools and in combination with other components. Pharmaceutical preparations can be replaced with products with a high content of these substances.